SAVE 30% OFF Site Wide for Labor Day with promo code LABOR30 through 9/4

Sleep Therapy: Sleep Aid Explained

September 13, 2023

Main Image

Ah, sleep! That sweet, elusive mistress that we all crave, yet often find ourselves chasing after like a dog after its own tail. But fear not, dear reader, for this glossary is your trusty guide to the world of sleep therapy and sleep aids. Let's dive in, shall we?

Now, before we embark on this journey, let's get one thing straight: sleep is not a luxury, it's a necessity. It's as vital to our survival as food and water. And just like a balanced diet, a good night's sleep is essential for our overall health and well-being. So, buckle up and get ready to explore the fascinating world of sleep therapy and sleep aids.

The Science of Sleep

Before we delve into the nitty-gritty of sleep aids, it's crucial to understand the science behind sleep. You see, sleep isn't just a passive state where nothing happens. On the contrary, it's a dynamic process that involves various stages, each with its own unique characteristics and functions.

Our sleep cycle consists of two main stages: Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) sleep and Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep. NREM sleep is further divided into three stages, each deeper than the last, leading up to REM sleep, the stage where dreams occur. Understanding these stages is key to understanding how sleep aids work.

NREM Sleep

NREM sleep is the first stage of the sleep cycle. It's a deep, restorative sleep that's crucial for physical recovery and growth. During NREM sleep, your body repairs tissues, builds bone and muscle, and strengthens the immune system.

As you progress through the stages of NREM sleep, your brain waves, heart rate, and breathing slow down, and your body temperature drops. This is your body's way of conserving energy for the next day.

REM Sleep

REM sleep, on the other hand, is all about the brain. This is the stage where dreams occur, and it's crucial for memory consolidation and learning. During REM sleep, your brain is almost as active as when you're awake, but your body is in a state of paralysis to prevent you from acting out your dreams.

Interestingly, the amount of REM sleep you get decreases with age, while the amount of deep NREM sleep decreases from infancy to adulthood. This is why babies sleep so much and why they seem to be in a constant state of growth and development.

Sleep Disorders

Now that we've covered the basics of sleep, let's move on to sleep disorders. These are conditions that disrupt your normal sleep patterns, leading to poor quality sleep or even insomnia. There are many types of sleep disorders, but we'll focus on the most common ones.

Insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and narcolepsy are among the most common sleep disorders. Each of these conditions can severely impact your quality of life, leading to daytime fatigue, mood changes, and a decreased ability to concentrate.


Insomnia is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including stress, anxiety, depression, certain medications, and underlying health conditions. Chronic insomnia can lead to a host of health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, and depression.

There are many ways to treat insomnia, ranging from lifestyle changes and cognitive-behavioral therapy to prescription medications. However, it's important to address the underlying cause of insomnia to ensure long-term relief.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that causes you to stop breathing during sleep. This can happen hundreds of times during the night, leading to frequent awakenings and poor quality sleep. Sleep apnea is often associated with snoring, but not everyone who snores has sleep apnea.

Treatment for sleep apnea often involves lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and quitting smoking. In severe cases, a device called a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine may be used to keep the airway open during sleep.

Sleep Therapy

Now, let's talk about sleep therapy. This is a broad term that encompasses a variety of treatments designed to improve sleep quality and treat sleep disorders. Sleep therapy can include cognitive-behavioral therapy, light therapy, and even certain types of medication.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is a type of psychotherapy that aims to change sleep habits and scheduling factors, as well as misconceptions about sleep and insomnia, that perpetuate sleep difficulties. It's typically the first line of treatment for insomnia.

Light Therapy

Light therapy involves exposure to artificial light to treat certain sleep disorders, including circadian rhythm sleep disorders and seasonal affective disorder. The idea is to use light to reset your body's internal clock, or circadian rhythm, which regulates sleep and wakefulness.

Light therapy is typically done using a light box, which emits a bright light that mimics natural outdoor light. The timing and duration of light therapy sessions depend on the specific sleep disorder being treated and should be determined by a healthcare provider.


Medication can also be a part of sleep therapy. There are many types of sleep aids available, both over-the-counter and prescription. These medications can help you fall asleep, stay asleep, or both. However, they should be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider, as they can have side effects and can be habit-forming.

Over-the-counter sleep aids typically contain antihistamines, which can make you feel drowsy. Prescription sleep aids can include medications that help you fall asleep, stay asleep, or both. Some sleep aids work by targeting specific neurotransmitters in the brain to promote sleep.

Natural Sleep Aids

For those who prefer a more natural approach, there are also many natural sleep aids available. These include herbal supplements, such as valerian root and melatonin, as well as lifestyle changes and relaxation techniques.

Valerian root is a herb that has been used for centuries to treat insomnia. It's thought to work by increasing the levels of a chemical called gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, which promotes relaxation and sleep.


Melatonin is a hormone that your body produces naturally. It plays a key role in regulating your sleep-wake cycle. Your body produces more melatonin when it's dark, signaling your body that it's time to sleep.

Melatonin supplements can be used to treat certain sleep disorders, including insomnia and jet lag. However, they should be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider, as they can have side effects and can interact with other medications.

Lifestyle Changes and Relaxation Techniques

Lifestyle changes and relaxation techniques can also be effective natural sleep aids. This can include things like maintaining a regular sleep schedule, avoiding caffeine and alcohol close to bedtime, and creating a sleep-friendly environment.

Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and mindfulness meditation, can also help promote sleep by reducing stress and anxiety. These techniques can be particularly effective when combined with other sleep aids, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or medication.


And there you have it, dear reader! A comprehensive guide to the world of sleep therapy and sleep aids. Remember, sleep is not a luxury, it's a necessity. So, don't skimp on it. Whether you choose a natural approach, medication, or a combination of both, there's a sleep aid out there for everyone. Sweet dreams!

Remember, this is just a guide. Always consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new treatment for sleep disorders. Sleep well, and take care of your health!

Contact us at [email protected]

Sign up to our Newsletter